Tournament: The Open Championship – Royal Troon Golf Club, Ayrshire, Scotland
Hole: 11th – Par 4, 483 Yards
Architect(s): Charles Hunter – 1878
George Strath – 1884
Willie Fernie – 1910
The 11th hole is aptly named “The Railway” as the 482 yard par four features a railway running along the entire right side. Formerly played as a par five, the hole will test competitors as they look to walk away with a par. From the tee, competitors will need to hit a strong tee shot which is blind and plays over 200 yards of dunes and thick gorse. To achieve the best angle into the green, players will look to find the right-center of the fairway. Errant tee shots can easily find out of bounds to the right, where a four-foot stone wall separates the fairway from the railway, or thick gorse to the left. Following a demanding drive, the approach shot will require a mid to long-iron to the elevated green. While the 30-yard deep green is protected by a single bunker at the front-left, the railway continues to run along the entire right side, thereby creating a very difficult approach condition especially with the usual left to right cross wind. High, thick grass is found to the rear of the green making for difficult recovery shots as well.
As a par four, the 11th at Royal Troon has played as the most difficult hole on the course. During the last Open Championship in 2004, the hole played to a scoring average of 4.41. Only 35 birdies or better were made by the field.
- Changing the 11th hole from a par five to a par four for the 1997 Open instantly made it the hardest hole on the course.
- Arnold Palmer called the 11th hole, “the most dangerous hole I have ever seen.”
- The past six Open Champions at Royal Troon have been American: Arnold Palmer (1962), Tom Weiskopf (1973), Tom Watson (1982), Mark Calcavecchia (1989), Justin Leonard (1997), Todd Hamilton (2004).
- In 1962, Jack Nicklaus, on his Championship debut, ran up a quintuple bogey 10 after driving into the whin before hitting onto the railway line.